Taraweeh prayers are one of the gifts of Ramadan and are performed by Muslims during the holy month of Ramadan. And prayers begin from the first Moon-sighted evening of Ramadan. This prayer is performed in pairs of two after Isha and before Witr.
DUA TO BE PRAYED AFTER EVERY FOUR RAKAAT
سُبْحَانَ ذِی الْمُلْکِ وَالْمَلَکُوْتِ ط
Subhana dhil Mulki wal Malakuti,
سُبْحَانَ ذِی الْعِزَّةِ وَالْعَظَمَةِوَالْهَيْبَةِ وَالْقُدْرَةِ وَالْکِبْرِيَآئِ وَالْجَبَرُوْتِ ط
Subhana dhil izzati wal aDhmati wal haybati wal Qudrati,wal kibriyaa’i wal jabaroot
سُبْحَانَ الْمَلِکِ الْحَيِ الَّذِی لَا يَنَامُ وَلَا يَمُوْتُ سُبُّوحٌ قُدُّوْسٌ رَبُّنَا وَرَبُّ الْمَلَائِکَةِ وَالرُّوْحِ ط
ubhanal Malikil hayyil ladhi, la yunaamu wa layamutu,Subbuhun, Quddusun, Rabbul malaa’ikati war-rooh
اَللّٰهُمَّ اَجِرْنَا مِنَ النَّارِ يَا مُجِيْرُ يَا مُجِيْرُ يَا مُجِيْر۔
Allahumma Ajirnee Minan Naar,Ya Mujeero, Ya Mujeero, Ya Mujeer.
Exalted is the Possessor of the hidden and the manifest dominion. Exalted is the Possessor of Might, Greatness, Reverence, Power, Pride, and Majesty. Exalted is the Master, the Living, the one who neither sleeps nor dies. All-perfect, All-holy, Our Lord, and the Lord of the angels and the souls. O Allah, grant us refuge from the Hellfire. O Granter of refuge, O Granter of refuge, O Granter of shelter..”
History of Taraweeh
And in the last Ramadan of his life, The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) went to the Mosque at night, and some men prayed behind him. In the morning, people talked about him.” And then a large number of them gathered and prayed behind him (the second night). The following day the people talked about it again, and on the third night, the Mosque was full of people, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). He came out, and the people prayed behind him. On the fourth night, the Mosque was packed, and people were waiting for the Prophet’s arrival (SAW), but he never came. At fajr, he said: “Nothing prevented me from coming out to you except the fact that I feared that it would be made obligatory for you.” (Muslim.)
The Prophet Muhammad (saw) used to perform most of his Taraweeh prayers at home. Taraweeh was never a nightly congregational prayer during his lifetime. From Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) to the beginning of Hazrat Umar’s time, people prayed individually or in small groups. Later, Hazrat Umar (RA) gathered them all behind one Imam.
Offering Taraweeh is Sunnah Muakkadah, not Fardh or Wajib according to hadith We discussed above.
Offering Taraweeh prayer in the congregation for men only and women offered it separately.
Things to Remember While Offering Taraweeh Prayer
- Tarawih Prayer is performed only during Ramadan.
- Taraweeh is offered before Isha prayer but before the witr
- Taraweeh prayer is not a fard or wajib prayer but a Sunnah muqadah.