The Ahl al-Bayt, or the People of the Household of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), traditionally include the following :
- The Wives of the Prophet, peace be upon him.
- The children of the Prophet, peace be upon him.
- Banu Hashim.
- Banu ‘Abd al-Muttalib.
- and their freed slaves.
names of wives and chlidren of the prophet, pease be upon him
Umm al-Mu’minin أم ٱلْمُؤْمِنِين
- The Quran describes the wives of Prophet Mohammad (ﷺ) as ( Umm al-Mu’minin) “the mothers of the believers.”
Certainly! Here are the names of the wives and children of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, along with a brief introduction:
Wives of Prophet Muhammadﷺ
- Khadijah bint Khuwaylid: Khadijah was the first wife of Prophet Muhammad and a successful businesswoman. She played a pivotal role in supporting and comforting the Prophet during the early years of Islam.
- Sawda bint Zamʿa: Sawda was a widow who married Prophet Muhammad after the death of Khadijah. She provided companionship and support to the Prophet during a crucial period of his life.
- Aisha bint Abu Bakr: Aisha was the daughter of Abu Bakr, a close companion of Prophet Muhammad. She married the Prophet at a young age and became a prominent scholar, known for her knowledge and wisdom.
- Hafsa bint Umar: Hafsa was the daughter of Umar ibn al-Khattab, another close companion of the Prophet. She was known for her piety and devotion to Islam.
- Zaynab bint Khuzayma: Zaynab was a widow who married Prophet Muhammad but sadly passed away just a few months into their marriage.
- Umm Salama Hind bint Abi Umayya: Umm Salama was a wise and respected woman who married the Prophet after being widowed. She had a significant influence on the early Muslim community.
- Zaynab bint Jahsh: Zaynab was the cousin of Prophet Muhammad. She married him after her previous marriage ended in divorce, and her marriage served as a means to abolish certain cultural practices.
- Juwayriyah bint al-Harith: Juwayriyah was a captive from a war and was later married to the Prophet. Her marriage brought about the release of several Muslim prisoners of war.
- Safiyyah bint Huyayy: Safiyyah was a Jewish woman who was taken as a captive during a military expedition. She later married Prophet Muhammad and embraced Islam.
- Ramla bint Abi Sufyan (Umm Habiba): Ramla was the daughter of Abu Sufyan, a prominent figure in Mecca. She accepted Islam early on and faced persecution for her faith. She married Prophet Muhammad while in exile in Abyssinia (Ethiopia).
- Maymunah bint al-Harith: Maymunah was a widow who married the Prophet during his return from the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah. She is known for her generosity and hospitality.
Children of Prophet Muhammadﷺ
- Qasim ibn Muhammadﷺ : Qasim was the son of Prophet Muhammad from his first wife, Khadijah. Unfortunately, he passed away in infancy.
- Zainab bint Muhammadﷺ : Zainab was the eldest daughter of Prophet Muhammad from his first wife, Khadijah. She played a significant role in supporting her father and her husband, who was also a companion of the Prophet.
- Ruqayyah bint Muhammadﷺ : Ruqayyah was another daughter of Prophet Muhammad from his first wife, Khadijah. She was married to Uthman ibn Affan, who later became the third caliph of Islam.
- Umm Kulthum bint Muhammadﷺ : Umm Kulthum was the youngest daughter of Prophet Muhammad from his first wife, Khadijah. She was married to Uthman ibn Affan after the death of her sister, Ruqayyah.
- Fatimah bint Muhammadﷺ: Fatimah was the youngest daughter of Prophet Muhammad and his wife Khadijah. She holds a significant place in Islamic history and is revered for her piety, strength, and role as the mother of the Prophet’s grandsons, Hasan and Husayn.
Please note that the list may vary slightly in different historical sources.